There are three main theories that are seen in this film they are, Conflict Theory, Social Control Theory, and Neo Classical Theory. The traditionalist conservative view, which falls under the umbrella of New Right, argues that punishment may represent a response to crime, which is not proportional to the offence and can often be greater for the reasons of its symbolic role . In the film, the "tooth fairy" lacks all these bonds to society , which through the control perspective can be seen as the cause of crime. The Labeling Theory: How do the labels we use shape our reality? LABELING THEORY Sociologyindex, Sociology Books 2008 Labeling theory arose from the study of deviance in the late 1950's and early 1960's and was a rejection of consensus theory or structural functionalism. Republican theory posits that the response to crime should be one of reintegrative shaming , whereby an offender is shamed for the deviant acts, but then is forgiven and reintegrated into society . we might edit this sample to provide you with a plagiarism-free paper, Service Hirschi T, Causes of Delinquency, University of California Press, Berkley, 1969. These depictions represent Marxist characteristics as Marxist criminology views crime as a manifestation of social conflict, structural inequality and differential treatment . They are fluid and tied less to truth than to our social circumstances. Self-Identity People may be affected by the labels applied to them by others. Labeling entails that the identity assigned to an individual is in some respect altered to his discredit. The theory also highlights the role that the criminal justice system has in increasing crime. Labeling theory was felt in the late 1960's and early 1970's. The definition of labeling with examples. Thoughcriminology is not a formal part of the police officer exam, it nonetheless isa subject that every aspiring officer should study. Labeling theory, in criminology, a theory stemming from a sociological perspective known as ‘symbolic interactionism,’ a school of thought based on the ideas of George Herbert Mead, John Dewey, W.I. As the use of the criminal justice system as a tool of social control has potential through misuse of power, to "…sow the seeds of dissent…and fan the flames of inter-group conflict" , one can view this from the trackers perspective and reaction to the crimes of the fanatic. Lucas T, Sociology of Deviance: SOC01123 Study Guide, Southern Cross University, Lismore, 2003. Cuneen C & White R, "History and Culture", "Protection Legislation", in Juvenile Justice: An Australian Perspective, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1995. "Films package violence and fear into commodities which can be sold to the public" , who are then influenced by a particular portrayal of crime and build a 'common sense' understanding of the causes of crime based on media portrayals distorted reality. Labeling theroy states that official reactio to the delinquent acts, help label youths as criminals, troublemakers, and outcasts and lock them in a cycleof escalating delinquent acts of social sanctions. Key Terms. It shows that: by labeling an individual for example as insane, that could mark the beginning of the process of him being insane. These theories attempt to explain why crime happens in the way thatit does and – from that – what can be done t… Bird G & Purdy J, Criminology: LAW00514 Study Guide, Southern Cross University, Lismore, 2003. The film contains references to Positivism, Marxist criminology, Labelling theory, Republican Theory, Strain Theory, Classical Theory, New Right Criminology and Critical Criminology. Attachment to others is a means of morally restraining oneself. Lombroso even went so far as to suggest that dark hair and skin, which are aboriginal characteristics, are fundamental elements, which make a person criminal. However the very reality is that young people are more likely to be both victims of personal crimes and be the offenders of less serious crimes . Please, specify your valid email address, Remember that this is just a sample essay and since it might not be original, we do not recommend to submit it. Sch. Tannenbaum was among the early labeling theorists. Exactly, the labeling theory goes further to say that when one is labeled especially during childhood that they will eventually fall into that label even if theywere never that before.