Among other English-speaking groups are the peoples of Jamaica (2 million), Trinidad (950,000), Barbados (240,000), the Bahamas (175,000), and Belize (120,000). Here is a list of the Regions in North America along with the geographical boundaries of each. The Coastal Plain and the main belts of the North American Cordillera continue south into Mexico (where the Mexican Plateau, bordered by the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra Madre Occidental, is considered a continuation of the intermontane system) to join the Transverse Volcanic Range, a zone of high and active volcanic peaks S of Mexico City. , is the continent's largest lake. The most famous national parks are Yellowstone, Grand Canyon, Yosemite, Banff, Jasper, Sequoia, and Everglades. The miogeosyncline’and eastern part of the eugeosyn-cline were formed in the Late Precambrian and Early Paleozoic, and the western part of the eugeosyncline was created in the Mesozoic. One chain is deflected to the east, forming the underwater ridges and islands of the West Indies and then joining the Andes of Venezuela; the other extends through the Isthmuses of Tehuantepee and Panama to the Colombian Andes. Lake Superior (31,820 sq mi/82,414 sq km), the westernmost of the Great LakesGreat Lakes,group of five freshwater lakes, central North America, creating a natural border between the United States and Canada and forming the largest body of freshwater in the world, with a combined surface area of c.95,000 sq mi (246,050 sq km)...... Click the link for more information. The most common taiga animals are the moose, wapiti, American marten, brown bear, Canada lynx, wolverine, beaver, porcupine, otter, fisher, red squirrel, and flying squirrel. The northern part of the continent, which has been subjected to glaciation, has many lakes of glacial and tectonic origin. With the exception of the Gulf of Mexico, Hudson Bay is by far the largest body of water indenting the continent; others include the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortès). In the tropical zone, Lower (Baja) California, the coast of the Gulf of California, and the interior of the Mexican Highlands have a dry climate. In the western part of the continent, on the Alaska Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands, forest-tundra is replaced by oceanic meadows, which develop in a marine climate with summer temperatures that are not warm enough to permit tree growth. In the south the Cordilleras merge with the structures of the Antilles-Caribbean region. Despite the many measures that have been taken to limit the discharge of unpurified water, the river and lake waters of the Atlantic and Pacific basins are polluted, especially in the densely populated industrial and agricultural regions in the eastern and western parts of the continent. The principal epoch of folding and thrust-fault formation in the western part of the eugeosyncline was the Late Miocene. These glacial-tectonic and glacial-erosion coasts are intricate systems of fjords. On the dry watersheds with loam top-soils grow forests of maple, elm, linden, birch, and hemlock. The most numerous English-speaking peoples of North America are the Americans of the USA and the Anglo-Canadians. At the same time, the region will need greater participation to reach the levels of representation seen in other parts of the world. Regions / North America; North America. The subtropical climate is Mediterranean on the coast and dry in the interior. To the northeast Greenland is separated from Iceland by the Denmark Strait , and to the northwest Alaska is separated from the Asian mainland by the much narrower Bering Strait . The archipelago’s location in the high arctic latitudes and its harsh arctic climate have caused the development of tundra and arctic desert landscapes. Packup, Gas up and join your fellow COPA Members in other Regions. The most extensive forests are those of the temperate belt, divided into taiga, coastal coniferous, mixed, and broadleaf forests. Most of the population of North America consists of the descendants of European and, to a much lesser extent, Asian immigrants who came here between the 16th and 19th centuries and of the descendants of slaves brought from Africa in the 17th and 18th centuries. Irrigation has turned certain arid and semiarid regions into productive oases. There are shallow rivers flowing through deep valleys and extensively developed systems of gulleys (badlands). It is only comprised of two countries, the United States of America and Canada. Between 1734 and 1749 the French explorer P. G. de Varennes and his sons discovered several lakes in central Canada, among them Lakes Winnepeg and Manitoba, and the Missouri Plateau. Although the population of Canada and the United States is still largely of European origin, it is growing increasingly diverse with substantial immigration from Asia, Latin America, and Africa; it is also highly urbanized (about 74% live in urban areas); much of the population is centered in large conurbations and coalescing urban belts along the southern margin of Canada and in the northeastern quadrant of the United States around the Great Lakes and along the Atlantic coast. Between 1759 and 1764, A. Tolstykh, S. Glotov, S. Ponomarev, and others discovered the Rat, Andreanof, and Fox islands and part of the Alaska Peninsula. The surface of the continent has an asymmetrical structure, with the Cordilleras occupying the western part and vast plains and low mountains the eastern part. Only in the tropical parts of the southern Mexican Highlands and Florida, which receive the trade winds, are winters warm and relatively dry. ), Cape Prince of Wales in the west (168° W long. In 1524, G. da Verrazano, an Italian navigator in the French service, explored the east coast of North America from 34° to 46° N lat. South of the Mexican Highlands the Cordilleras divide into two chains. Remnants of the native peoples—Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts-constitute only a small part of the population. Between 1770 and 1787 several British explorers, including S. Hearne and J. Frobisher, discovered chains of lakes in northern Canada, including Great Slave Lake and Lake Athabasca, as well as the mighty Mackenzie River, which flows through them. The west coast of the continent is formed by the Kenai, Chugach, St. Elias (Mount Logan, 6,050 m), and Canadian island mountains and the US Coast Ranges. ), LahontanLahontan, Lake, extinct lake of W Nev. and NE Calif. In the low-lying parts of Central America the predominant soils are the red-yellow ferralitic soils of humid forests and the red ferralitic soils of savannas. The mantle of the mid-continent ranges in age from Ordovician to Carboniferous; Permian rocks are found in the east. Whereas the Gulf of Saint Lawrence has both straight abrasion and bay shores, the peninsulas of Nova Scotia and the northeastern USA have tectonic and erosion-tectonic coastlines with numerous skerries. Note: The province of Darien (2819) belongs to South America. To the south of the Great Lakes and in the northwestern part of the Central Plains, the chernozem-like soils of the prairies, either weakly acidic or neutral and with a high humus content, were formed under moderately humid climatic conditions. Early Precambrian crystalline rocks are also found in the American Rockies. In the east the rivers have stable regimes, a large water content, and enormous energy reserves, especially the Ohio River and its tributaries. climate with frost-free rainy winters and dry summers; the interior plateaus of the Cordilleras have a dry continental climate with very hot summers; and the east coast has a humid monsoonal climate. North America is a major market for agricultural commodities. Shield, has a relatively elevated (150–600 m) and strongly pene-plained surface. Animal life. There are numerous islands off the continent's coasts; Greenland and the Arctic Archipelago, the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the Alexander Archipelago, and the Aleutian Islands are the principal groups. To the south, largely in the USA, stretch the Central Plains, gradually merging in the west with the higher Great Plains (500–1,500 m), a vast piedmont belt of the Cordilleras. It was formed by heavy precipitation caused by the Pleistocene glaciers and with Lake Bonneville (see under Bonneville Salt Flats) occupied a part of the Great Basin region...... Click the link for more information. Most of the water flows into the Atlantic Ocean. In 1690–91 the English explorer H. Kelsey, traveling southwest from Hudson Bay, crossed the Laurentian Upland and discovered the Saskatchewan River. The languages most spoken are English, Spanish and French. The smooth salt surface of the Flats is ideal for auto racing, and several world land speed records have been set there...... Click the link for more information. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries J. Powell, J. Dawson, A. Brooks, and other American and Canadian geologists completed the exploration of the Rocky Mountains, the Laurentian Upland, the Yukon Plateau, and the Alaska Range (with Mount McKinley, the highest point in North America) and discovered the Brooks Range. South of 43° N lat., the Atlantic coast, is an accumulative lagoon coast complicated by estuaries and deltas. The Greenland ice cap, a fragment of Late Quaternary North American glaciation, is the largest ice sheet. Most of the deposits of useful minerals in North America are confined to the Canadian Shield and the Cordilleras. Solidaridad North America partners with such organizations to further sustainability goals in developing regions around the world. Within the Cordilleran belt there is an eastern miogeosynclinal zone and a western eugeosynclinal zone. We encourage you to look beyond the boarder sand spread your wings! At its upper limit (900-2,000 m) the coastal coniferous forest is replaced by a mountain taiga fir and spruce forest, which in turn gives way to mountain tundra. The total thickness exceeds 10 km. Covering more than half of Canada, it also includes most of Greenland and extends into the United States as the..... Click the link for more information. English is the dominant language in the USA, and both English and French are the major languages of Canada. The leeward slopes support tropical savannas that include dry low thorn forests composed chiefly of species of the legume family. The Great Plains receive 400–600 mm, and the interior plateaus, less than 100 mm in places. Spanish and French expeditions also explored much of North America. The southwestern part of the platform is dissected by the mobile zone of the northwesterly Ouachita Mountains. Mixed racial groups, including mestizos and mulattoes, constitute a large part of the population. POLITICAL MAP PHYSICAL MAP In general, the flora of North America belongs to the Holarctic floristic region. In the winter this activity, strong over the Pacific Coast, diminishes over the Cordilleras and again intensifies over the interior plains. The extrusions of basalt that accompanied these movements created the highlands in eastern Greenland. Most of the plateaus consist of a succession of flat tablelands, mountain ranges, and basins (Death Valley in the Great Basin lies 85 m below sea level). Fitch Learning run public courses in New York, Houston, Washington, DC, Charlotte, and Toronto, covering a wide range of financial topics, from credit analysis to structured finance. The animals of the steppes and forest-steppes have been largely destroyed, among them the bison, now found only in preserves, the pronghorn antelope, the brocket, which has survived in mountains, the coyote, and the kit fox. The forest-steppe zone stretches from the Cordilleras eastward across the Canadian Great Plains and southward across the western part of the Central Plains. In sandy regions, primarily along the coast, there are pure pine forests with low palms in the undergrowth. pop. The central parts of the plains are deeply dissected by rivers and gulleys, and south of 38° N lat. Forests occupy roughly one-third of the continent. Interior Plateau Central America. (north of 44° N lat. By the end of the winter the snow cover ranges from a few centimeters on the interior plateaus of the Cordilleras to 1 meter or more in the northwestern and northeastern parts of the continent. North America is bounded by the Arctic Ocean on the north, with Hudson Bay cutting deeply into the mainland, by the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico on the east and southeast, and by the Pacific Ocean and Gulf of California on the west. Note: Although Newfoundland has "unknown" trade goods, its weights are such that it can only get fish... Caribbeans. Between 1858 and 1871 the Americans E. Kane, I. Hayes, and C. Hall discovered the Kane and Hall basins and Kennedy and Robeson channels and were the first to reach the Lincoln Sea. Asia stretches from former "stans" of the USSR to the Pacific Ocean. Layalee Ramahi, North America Regional Coordinator. The topography of the Appalachian Mountains was created as rivers eroded the rising structures; the northern Appalachians, which underwent glaciation, typically have such glacial forms as broad U-shaped valleys and moraine deposits in intermontane depressions. To the west stretches an irregular belt of interior uplands and plateaus with elevations of 1,000 m to 2,000 m: the Yukon Plateau, the volcanic British Columbia plateaus, the Columbia Plateau, the Great Basin, the Colorado Plateau, and the volcanic plateaus and uplands of the interior of the Mexican Highlands. After establishing settlements in Greenland, the Norsemen discovered Newfoundland and part of the coast of the Labrador Peninsula between the 11th and 13th centuries. on the east—separated by a system of intermontane plateaus and basins. The largest granite masses—the Canadian Coast Batholith and the Idaho, Sierra Nevada, and California batholiths—were formed between the Late Jurassic and Paleo-gene. This is a list of North American countries by population based on the country population estimates published by the UN. It is 24 million square km. For compatibility, we use the ISO 3166 list of countries augmented by a few region names which are sometimes returned by MaxMind.. Sources []. Colorado Plateau Canada. Partners in Performance North America has been partnering with clients for over a decade to deliver lasting impact. Some churches have branches in both countries and several others have close relations because they belong to the same confessionnal family or have entered agreements of full communion. In the southeastern part of the shield stretches the Grenville Belt, consisting of Early Precambrian rock reworked in the Late Proterozoic and of metamorphosed Proterozoic carbonate detrital formations enclosing masses of granite and gab-bro-anorthosite. Colombia. From 1816 to 1844, O. E. Kotsebu, M. N. Vasil’ev, A. K. Etolin, A. Klimovskii, I. F. Vasil’ev, V. Malakhov, P. Kolmakov, and L. A. Zagoskin discovered Kotzebue Sound, Nunivak Island, the Copper, Susitna, Nushagak, and Kuskokwim rivers, the lower and middle reaches of the Yukon River, the Chugach, Wrangell, and Kuskokwim mountains, and part of the Alaska Range. In the northwest the Russians I. Fedorov and M. Gvozdev discovered the Seward Peninsula in 1732, and in 1741, V. Bering and A. Chirikov discovered part of the coast of the Gulf of Alaska, the Alexander Archipelago, Kodiak and nearby islands, and several of the Aleutian Islands. The river network of the Atlantic basin is mature and dense, and the rivers reach considerable lengths. Meanwhile, a Spanish naval expedition headed by G. González Dávila sailed northwest from the Gulf of Panama to the Gulf of Fonseca. Climate. Its coastline is long and irregular. Accumulative bay, delta, and thermal-abrasion shores are typical of the western and northern coasts of Alaska. To the south there are also such broadleaf trees as Oregon oak. North America extends over the arctic, subarctic, temperate, subtropical, tropical, and subequatorial zones. Saline brown semidesert soils and solonchaks have developed in the Great Basin, with its dry continental climate. The most ancient part of the folded border of the North American Platform, the Caledonian mountains of northeastern Greenland, is composed of a thick layer of sedimentary terrigenous-carbonate rocks of the Upper Precambrian and Lower Paleozoic, intensively deformed before the Devonian together with the ancient Precambrian basement and thrust onto the margin of the platform as nappes. (In 1973, there were an estimated 190 million Americans, including 25 million Negroes, and some 10 million Anglo-Canadians.) There are 27 countries … On 1st October 2010, the Region was expanded to take in all those overseas members of the Air Pilots resident in the United States of America; thus forming one North America Region, now called The Honourable Company of Air Pilots (North America). The North American rivers may be divided into four types depending on the feeding, which may be predominantly rainfall, snow-rainfall, glacier, or groundwater. Crossing North America from 1804 to 1806, the Americans M. Lewis and W. Clark followed the Missouri River from its mouth to its headwaters, which they discovered, and then pushed on over the central Rocky Mountains. Denali (Mt. In the drier country west of the Mississippi such rivers as the Colorado and Rio Grande become very shallow in summer, sometimes drying up in their upper reaches, although occasional heavy rains may cause flash floods. North America COPA Regions. 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