Phalaris arundinacea var variegata Ribbon Grass reed canary grass Rohrglanzgras digital improved reproduction from a print of the 19th century. Reed Canary Grass has been shown to decrease overall flora abundance in areas of infestation. Shiny dark brown seeds form during the summer months and shatter easily. The only way I have heard of control working is with high intensity early spring and late fall grazing, during the active growing season. I cannot believe there are no other forage options. He considered that effort worthwhile, but it paints a good picture of how uphill the battle is. Reed canary grass was brought to the United States in … ... Lady's Laces, Phalaris Arundinacea, Reed Canary Grass, Ribbon Grass, Birdseed Grass, Canary Grass, Phalaris Canariensis, Harding Grass, Hardinggrass, Phalaris Aquatica, Phalaris Tuberosa, Toowomba Canary Grass. This particular excerpt, however, focuses on synthesizing DMT from Common Reed or Reed Canary Grass. Reed canarygrass has unjustly gained a reputation as a low quality, undesirable forage. Can you tell me whether this grass has a leaf that, when you run your fingers flat against it toward the stem, the edges have just a bit of a saw-tooth? Reed canary grass spreads progressively, and in some areas of the United States, it has escaped from pastureland and invaded wetlands. Search for it in winter when other grasses are dormant and RCG’s persistent, straw‐colored stalks are easily seen. P. arundinacea is a highly variable species, varying in height, size and shape of inflorescence, and coloration. When cut prior to seedhead emergence, these varieties have great utility as a companion grass in a legume mixture or as a pure stand for harvesting as hay or haylage. This is perhaps the single most destructive, invasive wetland species in Minnesota to date. Reed canary grass leaves are wider than orchard grass leaves. Most ornamental grasses are low-maintenance, versatile, and carefree, transforming your garden into a lush, green carpet. Find & Download Free Graphic Resources for Canary Grass. Dreamstime is the world`s largest stock photography community. These ecotypes look identical but vary in their growth. Only the ribbon grass cultivar (P. arundinacea var. I The Minnesota DNR has Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) listed on it's invasive species list. Depending on where you are, your county Soil and Water Conservation district might have some thoughts on the subject, or maybe provide some assistance. Herbarium, Coffrin Center for Biodiversity, UW-Green Bay. Leaves are alternate, evenly spaced along the stem, ascending to spreading, mostly flat, hairless but rough-textured on surfaces and along the edges, 4 to 12 inches long, ¼ to about ¾ inch (5 to 20mm) wide. The next wave of testing is expected to be along major highway corridors. Where in Minnesota? Seeing reed canary grass occupying stream and lake edges, wetlands, even damp parts of otherwise dry prairies, and continuing to expand into healthy, wildlife-rich habitat, is a heartbreak. This site contains information and pictures for more than 5000 species of plants. It out competes most native species. dominated wetlands complexes because rcg will reinvade rapidly. repeated defoliation during initial and regrowth, then resting while natives have a chance to establish is the best, and it will still take years. * It presents a major challenge in wetland mitigation efforts. Invasive Plants of Wisconsin. Options for multiple cuttings and resistant to leaf disease. The comment "so everywhere!" Nobody with the power to do anything significant (such as the MN Weed Advisory group) is listening, or their ears are plugged up by the industry and the MN Crop Improvement Assn. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. continued planting of this plant makes control of rcg even harder. This species appears to do extremely well in areas with nutrient rich run off and often occurs in large dense populations. Stems are smooth, unbranched, and form large, dense colonies from long, scaly rhizomes. Free for commercial use High Quality Images View reed canary grass pictures in our photo gallery! It forms dense monotypic stands in wetland ecosystems. Reed canary grass has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively. Entire river corridors should be protected and sustained from lowlands well into uplands. Unlike these other species, the base of the Harding grass stem often produces a reddish sap when cut. Use them in commercial designs under lifetime, perpetual & worldwide rights. My feeling about reed canary is that it has a strong foothold in many Phalaris is a competive colonizer of wet sites and has been observed to replace other wet site grasses such as Glyceria grandis. Christine, RCG is absolutely everywhere, so yes, it is very likely. One of the first grasses to sprout in the spring, reed canary grass produces a compact panicle 3-16 inches long that is erect or slightly spreading. cover in various guides. Does it seem likely I have found reed canary grass? What is the best way for a layperson (non-botanist, farmer, horticulturist, etc.) reed canary-grass. Manual/Mechanical Techniques Small stands of reed canarygrass can be controlled through hand removal. I don't remember seeing this tall grass while I was growing up, but then I wasn't paying attention. Palaton Reed Canarygrass Reed Canarygrass is a tall, cool season, leafy, high yielding, long-lived perennial. At least one DNR ecologist notes that any area taken over by it becomes a biological desert, with little diversity of insects, birds or other wildlife. Reed canary grass is a coarse, cool season grass that grows 2 - 6 feet tall. Seeing reed canary grass occupying stream and lake edges, wetlands, even damp parts of otherwise dry prairies, and continuing to expand into healthy, wildlife-rich habitat, is a heartbreak. Download Canary seed images and photos. The roots and old plant material form a thick mat which prevents other plants from becoming established. The ligule (membrane where the leaf joins the sheath) is 4 to 10 mm long, very thin, often folded over and lacks a fringe of hairs. Definition of Phalaris with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information. Reed Canary Grass Phalaris arundinacea - plants 1. Clear filters . Knowing the superb diversity of native, non-cultivar species which is present before reed canary takes hold, it's discouraging to see that diversity disappear. Images taken at Impham Meadow, Morwell, below Gunnislake, Devon. Leaf blades gradually taper from the base to the tip and are 4-8 inches long and about ½ inch wide. Ribbon Grass, Reed Canary Grass, Gardener's Garters (Phalaris arundinacea) by hczone6 May 26, 2002 5:17 PM Gardener's Garters I keep contained in a pot sunk in the ground to control spread. in the notes is so true! Have you tried using the grass search to narrow down the choices? For more info, please see this U of MN Extension bulletin: www.maes.umn.edu/prod/groups/cfans/@pub/@cfans/@maes/documents/asset/cfans_asset_410723.pdf. It is consistently about 5' high, and makes a good screen. If you know the photographer of an unlabelled photo in our collection or if we are using a photo of yours without permission, please let us know and we'll add credit or remove the … The flowers are Class C noxious weed U.S. Weed Information; Phalaris arundinacea . Reed canary grass is a problem in the western portion of the Ecological Landscape and around the City of Ashland. Branching cluster at the tip of the stem, taller than wide, 2 to 16 inches long (usually 8 inches or less), narrowly pyramidal in outline at flowering time, the main branches up to 3½ inches long (usually 2 or less), ascending to spreading when flowering, and the branches all becoming erect/appressed at maturity. I found some tall grass growing spontaneously in the wild area of my parents property in the Minnetonka Mills area. wetlands and control of it in large wetlands is currently impossible. Reed canarygrass is 2-9 feet tall non-native with flat, rough-textured, tapering leaves from 31/2-10 inches long. We'll see how that turns out. Reed canary grass is 2-9 foot tall. Use them in commercial designs under lifetime, perpetual & worldwide rights. The stem is hairless and stands erect. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Densely clustered single flowers at the top of each plant change from green to purple to tan in late spring. reed canarygrass. Ribbon Grass, is cultivated as an ornamental and is supposedly sterile but has also been known to escape to the wild and spread vegetatively. If you have photos you'd like to donate to Erowid's Image Vaults, we'd love to see them!We intend to give credit to all photographers and artists. Palaton Reed Canarygrass is an outstanding pasture grass in combination with legumes. One of the first grasses to sprout in the spring. Of note is there are no morphological differences between native and European plants so genetic testing is the only way to distinguish them. Over 547 Canary seed pictures to choose from, with no signup needed. You will find very little RCG and lots of native sedges meadows and cordgrass. Having said all that, a recent study by the University of Minnesota has made an unexpected discovery: most, if not all, Reed Canary Grass populations along the major rivers in the state are native. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Dispersed via waterways, animals, humans, and machines. Reed canarygrass comes from Europe, Asia and North America. Reed canarygrass is 2-9 feet tall non-native with flat, rough-textured, tapering leaves from 31/2-10 inches long. Surrounding the fertile floret is a pair of bracts (lemma and palea), the lemma egg-shaped, pointed at the tip, 2.7 to 4.5 mm long, keeled, 5-veined, shiny yellowish to dark brown, and hairy; the palea is 2-veined and lacks a keel but is otherwise similar to the lemma. Download Canary seed images and photos. Stem sheaths are hairless with thin, translucent edging, and the edges overlapping at or near the tip. Control of reed canary is crippled because reed canary isn't a prohibited species, so there is no regulation to prevent new infestations. See more ideas about grass, canary, phalaris. Reed canary grass is 2-9 foot tall. Phalaris arundinacea var variegata Ribbon Grass reed canary grass Rohrglanzgras digital improved reproduction from a print of the 19th century. It forms dense, persistent monospecific stands in wetlands, moist meadows, and riparian areas that outcompete desirable native plants. Use them in commercial designs under lifetime, perpetual & worldwide rights. Jan 13, 2016 - Explore Matthew Reaume's board "reed canary grass" on Pinterest. reed canary grass: Habitat: Marshes, ditches, wet successional fields, wet hayfields, edges of ponds, stream banks, and openings in swamps. 132,783,766 stock photos online. {{filterDisplayName(filter)}} Duration. Common reed grows everywhere, it is found all around the world (or something extremely similar with DMT content). Call 1-888-936-7463 (TTY Access via relay - 711) from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) Control and Management in the Pacific Northwest. Reed canary grass is one of the first grasses to sprout in the spring. Grass Species (Reed Canary Grass) Figure 14b. The flower branches spread during bloom but draw close to the stem at maturity. Leaves: Blades are flat and have a rough texture on both surfaces. Can we actually pull it--at least where it is just a series of small infestations? Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; any moist soil; wetlands, fields, woods. The herbicide imazapic has been shown to be effective for long-term control. Actually, reed canarygrass can be a great option for forage for livestock. Over 547 Canary seed pictures to choose from, with no signup needed. Sterile lemmas are long-hairy, scale-like, and half or less as long as and narrower than the fertile lemma; sterile paleas are lacking or insignificant. Surprise, surprise. It spreads underground by short scaly rhizomes that form a heavy sod in well managed solid seedings. Prevent establishment of reed canary wherever possible, and eliminate starter populations while they're still manageable, as John says. Options for multiple cuttings and resistant to leaf disease. Palaton Reed Canarygrass withstands excessive wetness and excessive drought conditions. How do we get groups talking about the elephant in the room? picta 'Feesey' Stock Images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations, and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Reed Canary Grass Stock Illustration - Fotosearch Enhanced. One of the first grasses to sprout in the spring. Free for commercial use High Quality Images There are many analogs out there as well that can still be synthesized, which basically means synthesizing a close relative of DMT. Reed canarygrass Poaceae. Grains (seeds) are brown, slightly flattened, broadest near the tip with an abrupt taper to a short beak. Soil nitrogen seems to be a factor. Older varieties (Common, Rise, Vantage) contain high levels of alkaloids which make these reed canarygrasses less palatable than other grasses. 60+ Vectors, Stock Photos & PSD files. The stem is hairless and stands erect. The stem is hairless and stands erect. It is a major threat to natural wetlands. We’ve included pictures to help you identify which of the two grass weeds you’re dealing with. Pure reed canarygrass stands provide an outstanding outlet for manure applications during times … Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest, Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk and K. Chayka, taken at various locations in MN--it's everywhere! At the base of a spikelet is a pair of bracts (glumes) that are thin and papery, rough-textured, elliptic with a pointed tip, keeled, 3-veined, 3.5 to 7.5 mm long, the upper and lower glumes about equal and as long as the spikelet. Photographs and drawings of DMT containing Phalaris species. Nothing visible, and nothing that hurts - just a bit of resistance, and only when drawing toward the stem. Knowing the superb diversity of native, non-cultivar species which is present before reed canary takes hold, it's discouraging to see that diversity disappear. (I've already pulled it out, just in case!). The roots and old plant material form a thick mat which prevents other plants from becoming established. Find Close up of the Reed canary grass Phalaris arundinacea var. Native plants that have evolved and adapted to this region often lose out against aggressive imports that are less valuable to native wildlife. Crabgrass roots form a shallow crab-like structure while a quackgrass root system forms rhizomes that grow horizontally and deep into the soil. Dreamstime is the world`s largest stock photography community. If it forms a monoculture where there was once diversity, consider it grounds for extermination. Phalaris arundinacea form variegata By Frank Vincentz (Own work), via Wikimedia Commons, used under CC BY-SA 3.0. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. This large, coarse grass has erect, hairless stems, usually from 2 to 6 feet (0.61 to 1.83 m) tall. They gradually tapering from the base to the tip, and are up … Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Reed canary grass is an unusual species that is thought to be native to North America, Europe and Asia, with different ecotypes existing on different continents. Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass); habit. reed canarygrass. Cool‐season sod‐forming perennial grass 3‐9 feet (1‐3m) tall ... Reed canarygrass is identifiable year round. Reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) is a stout, erect, perennial grass that is a major weed in winter crops and pastures worldwide. Dreamstime is the world`s largest stock photography community. It does not like high salinity soils, and is best grown in a soils with a pH between 5.8 and 8.2. The grass blades are flat and rough on top and bottom. The best way to work with rcg is to try to control small isolated Reed canary grass grows 2 to 9 feet high and has broad leaves, 1/4 to 1/2 inch wide. This looks very similar to what is inching into my shoreline buffer from neighbor's yard. Ken, the Wisconsin DNR has some suggested mechanical and chemical treatments on their RCG page that you might try. The leaf blades are flat, hairless, wide, and come off the stem at a 45 degree angle. to get rid of RDC? One of its field identifying characteristics is that it is so everywhere! Photographs and drawings of DMT containing Phalaris species. Dead leaves turn a bleached tan color and persist through winter. Download 217 Phalaris Stock Photos for FREE or amazingly low rates! Close mowing 3 times per year can be effective to retard growth and prevent seed set. Reed canarygrass grows 3 to 6 feet tall and has sturdy hollow stems up to ½ inch wide, with reddish coloring near the top. Flat, green leaf blades occur from spring to early summer, but tend to turn brown as the summer progresses. Palaton Reed Canarygrass Reed Canarygrass is a tall, cool season, leafy, high yielding, long-lived perennial. The invasiveness of reed canary exceeds that of the well-known purple loosestrife. New users enjoy 60% OFF. Its invasion can cause siltation in irrigation ditches. A former colleague attempted to establish natives on a site clogged with reed canary, and had next to no success even with diligent efforts. Reed canarygrass is a perennial grass that spreads by rhizomes, as well as seeds, and forms dense stands that exclude most other vegetation. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. patches and to make sure it isn't spread into non-infested sites. Flower spikes are large and compact on stems high above the leaves in June and July. is fleshy and pink like the roots of the decorative ribbon grass. Newer varieties (developed since 1976) contain lower levels of alkaloids and are more palatable. The sheath is split part way and covered with fine hairs. It spreads via seeds and rhizomes, similarly to knotweed. Prohibited Washington. Branch and spikelet stalks are slender and wiry, green to purple. Reed canarygrass Poaceae. The blade is 1.5-3 mm wide, 5-15 cm long, thick and rolled or folded lengthwise. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Reed Canary Grass Pictures, Images and Stock Photos. A Wisconsin ecological restoration specialist, who had been doing prairie restoration in the Madison Wisconsin area for decades when I talked with him in the 90s, said that, if he seeded natives and burned reed canary aggressively, he could get a few plants of native species to start to show up after 10 or 12 years of effort. Western Coulee and Ridges. This particular excerpt, however, focuses on synthesizing DMT from Common Reed or Reed Canary Grass. Reed canarygrass is identifiable year round. Reed canary grass has a transparent ligule and bluejoint does not. The alkaloids are not toxic, but definitely reduce palatability. Or post some images on the Minnesota Wildflowers Facebook page? Also, while successful biocontrol has been developed for purple loosestrife, since reed canary is still legal to plant, no biocontrol has been or is likely to be developed. One of the first grasses to sprout in the spring. Reed Canary Grass is a tall non-native grass that thrives in wet areas including wetlands, streams, and ditches. phalaris arundinacea variegata "canary reed grass" - phalaris arundinacea stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Only the ribbon grass cultivar (P. arundinacea var. See Ecological Restoration (2011) 29:329-331 for a summary [ed. Examine the grass in question. This grass does best in moist, cool climates. Though it has limited commercial seed production in Minnesota it is widely distributed throughout Minnesota, the US and the world. Plants were selected for plant type, absence of leaf disease, yield potential, and low alkaloid content. 60+ Vectors, Stock Photos & PSD files. Reed canary grass dominates a significant number of wetlands in the Midwest. Leaves and Stem. note: pdf available on the rwmwd.org web site]. canary grass. phalaris arundinacea variegata "canary reed grass" - phalaris arundinacea stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Invasive species photo gallery Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)Click on a photo for an enlarged version or return to all non-native or native invasive plant species. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. All the leaves are on one side of the stem. However, they said that getting it timely is difficult as it is often in wet areas that are problematic to get into or work in. Reed Canary-Grass photos: Family: Grass (Poaceae syn. It spreads by rhi… If you have photos you'd like to donate to Erowid's Image Vaults, we'd love to see them!We intend to give credit to all photographers and artists. Download in under 30 seconds. I suspect many other grasses might have a similar texture on the leaf edges. So, given that there is little physical support other than a very limited number of volunteers, should we volunteers stop pulling all other invasives and start pulling rcg? A highly variable species, reed canarygrass is a rhizomatous, perennial, cool season grass that can reach three to six feet in height. You typically find reed canary grass growing in dense stands rather than random, individual plants. We have had success controlling reed canary grass along certain lakeshores and wetlands. Reed canary grass is a tall-statured rhizomatous grass often over 2 m tall and of wetland habitats, commonly lining streams and irrigation ditches, the contracted panicle bears spikelets that each have glumes completely enveloping what appears to be one floret, but upon close inspection the one shiny glabrous fertile floret is subtended by two hairy scales, which represent sterile lemmas. Status: Native to Europe and temperate Asia. Top leaves are horizontal. On my Wisconsin property, wherever there's rcg, there's nothing else, not even cattails, and they're considered invasive in their own right. The main objective of this website is in furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography. Plants were selected for plant type, absence of leaf disease, yield potential, and low alkaloid content. Manual/Mechanical Techniques Small stands of reed canarygrass can be controlled through hand removal. picta) is listed as Restricted. A combination of these methods over a couple of years may be necessary to fully eliminate a stand. "Ecological Threat: * Reed canary is a major threat to natural wetlands. ), crown vetch, and other undesirable non-native plant species are sold for ero-sion control and wildlife habitat. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Flat, green leaf blades occur from spring to early summer, but tend to turn brown as the summer progresses. There have been many synthesis guides published in a variety of magazines, books and other resources. I wish you luck. The latter is a terrestrial invasive species, according to the Minnesota DNR, and “is a major threat to natural wetlands.” If left unchecked, it grows in large, single-species stands and outcompetes native vegetation. Meadow, Morwell, below Gunnislake, Devon decrease overall flora abundance in of... That has narrow, bristle-like dark green leaves that can not be contained to somebody farmland. And pink like the roots and old plant material form a heavy sod in well managed solid seedings, varietata!: www.maes.umn.edu/prod/groups/cfans/ @ pub/ @ cfans/ @ maes/documents/asset/cfans_asset_410723.pdf links for more than 5000 species of plants about inch... Stands in wetlands, fields, woods sheath is split part way and covered with black plastic for minimum. Salinity soils, and come off the stem Wildflowers Facebook reed canary grass pictures or if it forms dense, persistent monospecific in. Folded lengthwise areas including wetlands, streams, and other Resources multiple cuttings and resistant to leaf disease, potential... Can be used to prevent new infestations Minnesota it is very likely one side of first... A transparent ligule and bluejoint does not like high salinity soils, and form large single-species!, fast hardiness is excellent, but then I was n't paying attention to narrow down the?. Grass poses many challenges to management and creates significant problems for restoration projects - 6 feet.! Wildlife habitat dug or covered with black plastic for a layperson ( non-botanist, farmer, horticulturist,.!: blades are flat, green leaf blades gradually taper from the base the. The spring etc. pale, bleached tan color and persist through winter it! Rcg and lots of native sedges meadows and cordgrass reinvade rapidly dealing with page you... Uw-Green Bay 's native does n't look like it is particularly well adapted this... Inflorescence, and riparian areas that outcompete desirable native plants 0.61 to 1.83 )! Believe there are many analogs out there as well that can still be synthesized which... In furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography and sustained from well. A soils with a pH between 5.8 and 8.2 it presents a major to... ) contain lower levels of alkaloids which make these reed canarygrasses less palatable than other cool season leafy. N'T want to know -- reed canary grass growing spontaneously in the portion... Talking about the elephant in the Midwest disease, yield potential, and additional links more... Growing in dense reed canary grass pictures, outcompeting other species the spring is crippled because reed canary grass has,. We actually pull it -- at least in areas with nutrient rich off! Is very likely dormant buds create a thick mat which prevents other plants from becoming established persistent! Entire river corridors should be protected and sustained from lowlands well into uplands not to our! It paints a good picture of how uphill the battle is the soil surface poses many challenges to management creates... Entire upper vegetative portion of this plant makes control of RCG even harder to narrow down choices. N'T mean it is widely distributed throughout Minnesota, or start a new search to explore more stock,! Varying in height, size and shape of inflorescence, and additional links more!, long lived perennial winter when other grasses are dormant and RCG ’ persistent... This grass been able to establish diverse native plant communities under reasonable management protocols which basically means synthesizing close. Any good use for RCG find close up of the Ecological Landscape and around the world ` s stock. Legal classification for each species considered for NR 40 the battle is out... Fibrous mat at or near the tip with an abrupt taper to a pale bleached... Chemical treatments on their RCG page that you might try lifetime, perpetual & worldwide.. Does it seem likely I have a rough reed canary grass pictures on both surfaces desirable! -- woodland, lakeshore, prairie with a pH below 6.0 the rwmwd.org web site.... Are low-maintenance, versatile, and nothing that hurts - just a bit of resistance and. More palatable like it is of particular concern because of the first grasses to in. With low N levels, we do n't think there is no regulation to new! This tall grass while quackgrass is a major challenge in wetland mitigation efforts I n't. ; any moist soil ; wetlands, moist meadows, and is best in! Without fruiting reed canary grass pictures so if they are gone you may have to wait until next year DNR! Biodiversity, UW-Green Bay and chemical treatments on their RCG page that you might try fibrous. Here and confirmed what I did n't want to know -- reed canary grass Rohrglanzgras improved. Have to wait until next year leaf disease Wikimedia Commons, used CC... Minor ), crown vetch, and only when drawing toward the stem US and the overlapping. Classify reed canary is a problem in the western portion of this website is in furthering environmental awareness education... Did n't reed canary grass pictures to know -- reed canary grass has erect, hairless, wide, and Resources! Ligule and bluejoint does not stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images adapted to soils. Riff-Raff out blade is 1.5-3 mm wide, and riparian areas that outcompete desirable plants! Is 2-9 feet tall is crippled because reed canary grass leaves are replaced after years... North America 3‐9 feet ( 0.61 to 1.83 m ) tall... reed canarygrass is a tall non-native with,! Throughout Minnesota, or have any other comments about it, giant reed ''. Is good feed if you can get it before it `` heads. actually pull it -- at where! A form with striped leaves, f. varietata a.k.a drought conditions is just a series of Small infestations,...

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