If there is a runner on first base and there is a hit down the line or in the gap to right field, the shortstop will then go for the cut to third. If the batter reaches four balls, the batter is awarded the first base in what is known as a "walk". Shin guards also protect the kneecap. He made this game on Thanksgiving Day, 1887.This game, 111 years later, is known as the first softball game. 8u and below is usually played with 10 players on a field at once.) Currently, the USSSA program is run out of Viera, FL. Hancock was among a group of Yale and Harvard alumni who had gathered at Chicago's Farragut Boat Club. Once the ball is hit into fair territory, the runner must try to advance to first base or beyond. In Chicago, where softball was invented, it remains traditional to play with a ball 16 inches (41 centimeters) in circumference. Gloves have webbing between the thumb and forefinger, known as the "pocket". The history of softball is an interesting one. The line will be 180 feet from home plate. [9] When the score was announced and bets were settled, a Yale alumnus threw a boxing glove at a Harvard supporter. [38] Male pitching can reach speeds around 85 miles per hour (137 kilometers per hour). However, some female players now wear a shorter version of baseball pants. These games became widespread throughout Canada and the United States. ", "Softball's hard on the hands // Doctors treat variety of injuries from city's unique style of sport", "How are Baseball and Softball Bats Different? 1887; Farragut boat club in Chicago. In fastpitch, the catcher must wear a protective helmet with a face-mask and throat protector, shin guards and body protector. Right field has a particular job of covering the area behind first base if the ball is to be thrown in that area. [11] The ball, being soft, was fielded barehanded. SLOW PITCH SOFTBALL STUDY GUIDE HISTORY The game of softball was invented by George W. Hancock, of Chicago, in 1887. A helmet must have two ear flaps, one on each side. THANKSGIVING DAY IN 1887 Created By: Ari Hearon George W. Hancock invented softball SOFTBALL WAS INVENTED . In softball a pitcher pitches the ball at a batter who scores runs by hitting the ball and running from base to base. [10] George Hancock, a reporter there, called out "Play ball!" Generally, outfielders act as a back-up to the infielders when they make plays or if the ball is hit past the infield. There are four bases on the infield: First base, second base, third base, and home plate. Rober may not have been familiar with the Farragut Club rules. For example, with a thinner wall, the ball recoils faster off the bat, allowing it to travel further. A famous young man, Abner Doubleday, was an inventor of Baseball. Australia has produced several of the worlds great mens softball players, including Adam Folkard and Andrew Kirkpatrick, widely considered all time greats in men’s softball. Leagues for such play are often characterized as either "fun leagues", in which the outdoor exercise and player camaraderie is more important than the final result, or "serious leagues". The left fielder must constantly be aware of the situation on the field and know what must be done in different circumstances. The count of balls and strikes indicates how aggressive the batter should be. A young Chicago gentleman, George Hancock, is considered the inventor of the game. The speed of the pitches ranges from 25-35 mph, resulting in plenty of reaction time. [27] A 16" softball when new is rough and hard, with hand and finger injuries to fielders frequent if they do not "give" when receiving a ball,[28] but the ball "breaks in" slightly during a game and continues to soften over time with continued play. Pitches may reach high speeds: At the 1996 Summer Olympics one pitch reached 73.3 miles per hour (118 kilometers per hour). The teams can be men's, women's or co-ed, and skill levels can range from novice to elite, with league composition reflecting that. While extremely rare in recreational play, there are sometimes different size gloves for different positions on the field. Similarly, both the dropball and the riseball are pitches that change heights. The catcher must then attempt to throw the ball to first base ahead of the runner. George Hancock, a reporter for the Chicago Board of Trade, is credited with inventing softball in 1887. PLAYERS AND POSITION Infield Positions Outfield Positions 1. Softball started as a winter version of baseball in 1887 during thanksgiving. Electoral College confirms Biden is next president Each team wears a distinctive uniform. Softball evolves… Hancock’s game spread throughout the country and was especially popular in Minneapolis. [62][63], New Zealand are the current Men's World Champions, having won the title in 2013. Most shortstops are very quick, agile and think fast. [68], Women's softball debuted at the 1996 Summer Olympics and was removed from the program following the 2008 Summer Olympics. The distinction is not absolute and there can be gradations within each. How Softball Started Image from weebly.com The Beginning Image from prnewswire.com. [40], No matter what level of play, all baserunners must keep one foot on a base until the pitcher throws the ball or until the ball crosses the front edge of home plate (depends on association). Within the game of softball, the center fielder is traditionally the fastest of the three outfielders. During most of these tournaments the biggest goal is not winning the tournament, but attempting to get as many college coaches as possible to observe (a) particular player or players. Let’s go over the rudiments of this game and who invented softball. Softball was believed to have been invented as an indoor game in 1887 on Thanksgiving Day in Chicago, Illinois. In the program of the Olympic Games softball was included for the first time in 1996. Hancock was among a group of Yale and Harvard alumni who had gathered at Chicago's Farragut Boat Club. Many leagues also include a second first base immediately adjacent to the main one. Yellow is the color of official NCAA and NAIA softballs. When a ball is batted into play, runners generally must attempt to advance if there are no open bases behind them; for example, a runner on first base must run to second base if the batter puts the ball in play. Pitchers are also not allowed to have any white on their gloves including the seams. Softball, Softball, a variant of baseball, was invented as an indoor recreation in Chicago in 1887 by newspaper reporter George Hancock. [1][2] It was invented in 1887 in Chicago, Illinois, United States as an indoor game. Pitchers also vary the location of the pitch by height to make hitting the ball even harder for the individual up at bat. The rules of the game were first published in the year 1889. The reason it was invented it because a Yale supporter threw and boxing glove at a Harvard fan while yell “let’s play ball”. In the period prior to… In the period prior to… pelota , pelota •all-nighter, biter, blighter, fighter, igniter, inciter, indicter, inviter, … The sport we in the United States know as football is more properly called gridiron football, for the vertical yard lines that mark the field. There are various types of pitches. Competitive teams are now beginning around eight years old, if not younger. There’s a thought around the origin of softball in which many people believe that this sport came from a variation of one of the best sports in the world: baseball. The exact dimensions of the first ball, crafted from boxing -glove laces by creator George Hancock, is unknown. Other sports seeking to be included in the 2020 program, when only one spot is up for filling, are: karate, roller sports, squash, sports climbing, wakeboard and wushu. The Amateur Softball Association is the National Governing Body of Softball for the United States pursuant to the 1976 Amateur Sports Act. In fast pitch, a skinned circle 16 feet (4.88 meters) in diameter known as the pitching circle is around the pitching plate.[24]. Sizes may vary but they may be no more than 34 inches (86 cm) long, 2.4 inches (6 cm) in diameter, or 38 ounces (1.1 kg) in mass. That is because the player must vacate first base to allow the next batter to reach it, and consequently can only go to second base, where a force out may be recorded. Although it was known by various different names in the beginning, it finally got its official name of 'softball' in 1926. It must be in proper condition and not damaged, altered, or the like. Softball was invented in Chicago in November 1887. In all forms of softball, the defensive team is the fielding team; the offensive team is at bat or batting and is trying to score runs. In the Pan-American Games, Team USA has made the finals in all seven appearances at the Games when Men's Fast Pitch was played. Caps are mandatory for male players. [18] (In addition to "indoor baseball", "kitten ball", and "diamond ball", names for the game included "mush ball", and "pumpkin ball". At the back of the uniform, an Arabic numeral from numbers 0 through 99 must be visible. [8] Despite the name, the ball used in modern softball is not soft, unless using a foam practice ball. The gear worn by a catcher protects them from balls thrown in the dirt or wild pitches. That day may have been the first and last day of the softball invention process if Hancock did not pursue his idea. [24] In the NCAA, the required margin after 5 innings is 8 runs. The very first softball league ever to be played outside of the United States was in Toronto. Officially, which team bats first is decided by a coin toss,[24] although a league may decide otherwise at its discretion. However, some teams prefer to use the fourth outfielder like the others, with the center field position being shared between two players known as the left-center fielder and the right-center fielder. That year, Hancock gathered with some friends at the Farragut Boat Club in Chicago on Thanksgiving day to watch the Yale vs. Harvard game. "The proposal calls for men's baseball and women's softball to be played at a single venue during 7 to 10 days. Since the game has now moved outdoors several outdoor games were organized. [17] The first softball league outside the United States was organized in Toronto in 1897. The game was modified from what those who invented softball originally designed the game to be. The pitcher aids the batter by attempting to give the easiest pitch to hit. For comparison, under the current rules of Major League Baseball, a baseball has a mass between 5 and 5 1⁄4 ounces (142–149 g), and is 9 to 9 1⁄4 inches (229–235 mm) in circumference (2 7⁄8–3 in or 73–76 mm in diameter). Softball was started by a group of men who had gathered … Right field is meant to cover this area if the ball gets past the first baseman. Generally, outfielders act as a back-up to the infielders when they make plays or if the ball is hit past the infield. A game may be lost due to a "forfeit". Pitcher 7. The game of softball is similar to baseball but it is played with a larger ball and on a smaller playing field. It's the same thing as if you are an American citizen, you should know the history of your country. The softball ground is shaped like a diamond as is the baseball ground.George Hancock invented softball in the 1887. To the batter, the dropball appears to be coming in level but then as the ball reaches the plate, the pitch drops, trying to force the batter to hit the top of the ball. Many recreational leagues prohibit the use of metal cleats or spikes to reduce the possible severity of injuries when a runner slides feet-first into a fielder. Although one man came up with a version of the game in 1887, another modified the game in 1895. The offensive team sends one "batter" at a time to home plate to use the bat to try to hit the pitch forward into fair territory. He designed the game as a form of indoor baseball on a cold winter. The distance between softball bases is 60’ (18.29 m ) for a total base path distance of 240’ (73.15 m) with an infield area between bases of 3600 ft² (334.5 m²). If he feels the batter could have moved and avoided getting hit he or she will not reward the batter first base and the pitch will be recorded as a ball. Just like the catcher, first basemen may wear specific first base mitts, usually having a longer web allowing them to reach the taller throws over their head. When it was announced that Yale had won, Yale alumni, in excitement, threw a boxing glove at a Harvard supporter. The name was coined by Walter Hakanson of the YMCA[11] at a meeting of the National Recreation Congress. In fastpitch, runners may try to steal bases by running to the next base on the pitch and reaching it before being tagged with the ball. The game is widely played in New Zealand and is the second most popular summer sport behind cricket. The batting order must be fixed at the start of the game, and players may not bat out of turn. This last rule is rarely enforced as players who break rules after being warned are usually removed. In that instance, the shortstop is responsible for third base. The ball is a sphere of light material, covered with leather or synthetic material. It must be between 25 and 30 feet (7.62 and 9.14 meters) behind home plate depending on the type of division that is playing. For instance, if a runner is on third base prior to a hit, and he or she crosses home plate after an out is made, either on the batter or another runner, the run is not counted.[40]. Despite the fact that it was originally intended to be played indoors, softball is usually played outdoors. These bats are determined to be illegal by the Amateur Softball Association of America. The object of the game is to score more runs (points) than the other team by batting (hitting) a ball into play and running around the bases, touching each one in succession. The defense can also touch first base while in possession of the ball; in this case it is sufficient to beat the batter to first base and an actual tag of the batter is unnecessary. Often double plays are due to quick thinking/reaction by the shortstop. The true story of who invented baseball is a little more convoluted and a tad less romantic. The bat is held with both hands, over the shoulder, and away from the pitcher (90-degree angle). In these cases there is typically a white line drawn approximately 1/3 of the way down the baseline that is considered a point of no return. [40], If a runner becomes entitled to the base where another runner is standing, the latter runner must advance to the next base. An example of a rule modification is the "offensive pitcher" (or "self pitch") often found in informal games where the emphasis is on the social rather than the competitive aspects of the game. League rules may stipulate that there must be an equal number of men and women on the team, or that batting order alternate male and female batters. If the ball is hit to the second baseman, they either throw the ball to second if there was already a player on first, or they throw to first if there was nobody on. This is usually orange and the batter running through first base is supposed to run straight through it. There are half swing slaps, fake slaps, and full swing slaps. Most female travel ball teams for fastpitch softball require the batter to wear a helmet with a face mask. Defensive strategy is more complex, as particular situations (number of outs and positions of base-runners) and particular batters call for different positioning of fielders and different tactical decisions. When the result came out that Yale won, an excited Yale fan threw an old boxing glove at a Harvard fan. Besides being a quick player, the center fielder must have a strong throwing arm because of the distance between the player and home plate. This bat was called a “bandy” because of its curved end, and the game later was called “Bandy Ball.” A fielder who chooses to wear a helmet or face mask is not required to wear a cap.[24]. For example, in some slow pitch softball leagues a batter starts at bat with a count of one ball one strike. The rule now states that as long as any part of the batter's foot is in the box the ball will stay live. White balls are also allowed, but are very uncommon in slow pitch and fast pitch. The name "softball" was given to the game in 1926. Often, this pitch is thrown at a batters hip or hands with the intention of either moving them off the plate or inducing a foul ball), Backdoor screw (the same as a backdoor curve except the ball spins in the opposite direction of a curveball), This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 14:46. They try to release the ball when they go past their hips. You may have heard that a young man named Abner Doubleday invented the game known as baseball in Cooperstown, New York, during the summer of 1839. Probably the first one was invented by an Ivy League man, Fred Thayer, who in 1876 adapted a fencing mask for Alexander Tyng, then with the Harvard Nine. For example, helmets for the offensive team and a helmet and chest protector for the defensive catcher. The essence of softball as the rules are very similar to baseball. Substitutes and replacements must bat in the same position as the player they are replacing. But there are some great facts on how they are made differently from the 10th century to now. Some of the names it was once called include diamond ball, pumpkin ball, and kitten ball. Alexander Cartwright (1820-1892) of New York invented the modern baseball field in 1845. In fastpitch softball, it is common for teams to use a designated player in the lineup; this player, which functions like the designated hitter in baseball, hits in place of one of the position players but does not play defense. The ball used in baseball was invented by Alexander Joy Cartwright. Although many people assume that softball was derived from baseball, the sport’s first game actually came about because of a football game. If the catcher doesn't catch the ball, the batter has the chance to run to first base and the catcher can throw the batter out at first base. They are also closer to first base when they cut off a slower ground ball towards shortstop. Japan has had a long tradition of softball which is played at all levels in the country. Also, some tournaments may require a time limit for games. Slow-pitch softball is played with ten fielders but can be played with nine if needed. Slow pitch achieved formal recognition in 1953 when it was added to the program of the Amateur Softball Association, and within a decade had surpassed fast pitch in popularity. The bases are arranged in a square and are typically 60 feet (18 m) apart. New Zealand is the most successful nation at men's world championship softball, having won their eighth title in 2019. Located in foul territory outside both baselines are two coach's boxes. There is alot of history on softball gloves. As a result of rule changes initiated by the Independent Softball Association which later made its way to the Amateur Softball Association and the International Softball Federation in the 21st century, most levels of slow pitch permit stealing bases, provided the runner starts when the ball either touches the ground or crosses the plate. When a ball is hit up the middle and the shortstop catches it, they will flip the ball to the second baseman for the best result. However, if the game is being played on a field larger than required, no warning track is required before the temporary outfield fencing. If the batter swings at the pitch that is deemed illegal and puts the ball in play, the defense is given the option to accept the results of the play or accept the penalty listed previously. The first softball competition has been for women only (1965), and a year later appeared a men’s tournament. After the batter is ready and all fielders (except the catcher) are in fair territory at their respective positions, the pitcher stands at the pitching plate and attempts to throw the ball past the batter to the catcher behind home plate. Left Fielder 2. Softball was invented in Chicago, Illinois in 1887 and was originally an indoor sport. Rounded metal spikes are illegal, as are ones made from hard plastic or other synthetic materials. [33] A pitcher's glove is typically 11.5 to 12.5 inches for fast pitch or 11.5 to 13 inches for slow pitch. The Chinese have frequently toured the US and have now similar caliber coaching and training programs. If the home team is leading and the road team has just finished its half of the seventh inning, the game ends because it is not necessary for the home team to bat again. [37] The teams take turns batting. [64] The current Junior Men's World Champion is Argentina, having won the title in 2012. There are however several key differences that can be observed as well. Decisions about plays are made by umpires, similar to a referee in American football. However, not all softball diamonds have these safety bases and they are much more common in women's softball than in men's. The ISF holds world championship tournaments in several categories. A score of 7–0 for the team not at fault is recorded (generally one run is awarded for each inning that would have been played). Offensive strategy is mostly just to hit the ball skillfully to let the batter reach base and advance other runners around the bases to score runs. Some leagues play with a reduced number of innings or with a time limit, rather than the traditional seven innings. Who invented football? Other national and regional governing bodies also exist, including the USSSA. 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