However, the battles were intense with much of Burma laid waste by the fighting. Myanmar reintroduced the image of Gen. Aung San on 1,000-kyat (US$0.72) banknotes earlier this year after a three-decade pause. One of the many mysteries of predominantly-Buddhist Myanmar is why there is no peace movement to foster harmony among the indigenous groups as well as those whose ancestors from India and China settled in the country during the colonial period. Image of Declaration of Independence of Burma, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Independence_Day_(Myanmar)&oldid=993932697, Articles containing Burmese-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The day of the Declaration of Independence of, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 06:47. Independence Day (Burmese: လွတ်လပ်ရေးနေ့) is a national holiday observed in Myanmar on January 4 of every year. Although many Burmese fought initially for the Japanese, some Burmese, mostly from the ethnic minorities, also served in the British Burma Army. In the 19th century, following three Anglo-Burmese Wars, Burma was colonized by Britain. Burma’s independence day in January next year will be marked with the launch of a film festival organised by two of the country’s leading pro-democracy luminaries, opposition leader Aung San … The date celebrates Myanmar's Declaration of Independence from the British rule on 4 January 1948.[1]. [2] The Burma National Army and the Arakan National Army fought with the Japanese from 1942–44, but switched allegiance to the Allied side in 1945. MS of large religious statue. VI, Ch. Until the Burmese generals quit murdering minorities – and purposely killing civilians is murder – there will never be peace. Independence Day (Burmese: လွတ်လပ်ရေးနေ့) is a national holiday observed annually in Myanmar every 4 January. justifiable as anti racist by you and your ilks is indeed glaring. The Chin & Kachin Hills and the Salween District (Karen State) are ruled indirectly by the British as Frontier Areas. Other articles where Burma Independence Army is discussed: Myanmar: World War II and after: …announced the formation of the Burma Independence Army (BIA). Try looking to the present, and then to the future. Over the past year there have been many tantalising signals that things in Burma are getting better. As a Bamar, when will your concern for humanity overcome your hatred for the generals? On almost any criteria that we might choose there have been sustained positive developments. Thousands of Burmans caroused amiably along Rangoon's steamy, tropical waterfront. “Burman” suppression of non-Burman ethnic groups is likely to continue as long as the army controls policy. The date celebrates Myanmar's Declaration of Independence from the British rule on 4 January 1948. The inhabitants originating from Myanmar. VS of car carrying Governor General. © Copyright 2020 New Mandala | Web Design: Code and Visual. Burmans? On Jan. 4, 1948, Burma ended 60 years of colonial rule when it officially declared independence from Britain. Apparently you’re stuck there. Notably, it declined to join the British Commonwealth. The date celebrates Myanmar's Declaration of Independence from the United Kingdom on January 4, 1948. General Aung San demanded the Independence of Burma in January - 4 - 1948 & Burma Independence Ceremony. The new state quickly declared war on the United Kingdom and the United States and concluded a Treaty of Alliance with Japan. Burma’s Struggle for Autonomy In June 1945, Burmese soldiers fought with the British to expel Japanese invaders from Burma during World War II. Col Naw Bu, who is in charge of the Kachin Independence Organization’s information department, told NMG that there had been no fighting in the state or around nine months, but that it reignited in the second week of October. On January 4th 1948, the Union of Burma gained its independence from Britain. Dr Nicholas Farrelly is the co-founder of New Mandala. http://www.newmandala.org/2012/01/10/australia-makes-burma-move/. But the Burma army looks at the “minority issue” as a military problem, and seeks to impose a military solution (remember the old saying, “When your only tool is a hammer, every problem looks like a nail.”). Hard to find locally base products from around the world. Burma. On July 19, 1947, at approximately 10:37 a.m., BST, several of Burma's independence leaders were gunned down by a group of armed men in uniform while they were holding a cabinet meeting at the Secretariat in downtown Yangon.The assassinations were planned by a rival political group, and the leader and alleged mastermind of that group Galon U Saw, together with the perpetrators, were tried … ASSK dropped the idea of second Panglong when she obviously feared it would amount to confrontation. Today, the United States grapples with racial injustice that continues despite our long struggle to … Some still recalled the day in 1885 when Burma's last king, brash Thibaw, sailed into exile and the British took over. Just dropping a few names from the list. By Michael Hickey Last updated 2011-02-17 I don’t think people are really ‘getting’ the fact that these conflicts have evolved into ones driven by business. Ministerial Burma (Burma proper) 1.1. "Forces belonging to the Burma Army and the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) engaged in their first battle in Kachin State in months in Mohnyin Township this week. In 1947, Aung San became Deputy Chairman of the Executive Council of Burma, a transitional government. A foreign policy of neutrality was decided upon, but, because of internal strife, no peace resulted. As long as the Burmans see the minorities as inferior there will continue to be strife. Irrawaddy Division (Bassein, Henzada, Thayetmyo, Maubin, Myaungmya and Pyapon Districts) 2. They subsequently disbanded the BIA and formed a smaller Burma Defense Army, with Aung San still as commander. The On 1 August 1943, Burma was proclaimed the independent State of Burma and the Japanese military government for Burma was officially dissolved. Your unending defense of, and apologies for, the junta never ceases to amaze me. Even a President named Aung San Suu Kyi would likely struggle to knit together Burma’s many ethnic interests. Read ‘Burmeses Days’ by G. Owell and realized the behavior of this military regime originated from in all it repugnant ways and means. Independence Day July 4, 2020 This 4th of July we celebrate the 244th birthday of our nation with pride, but at the same time, also with great humility. The independent Union of Burma came into being on 4 January 1948. VS … Thought to be Selected Originals from late 1940s material. It is a good time to take stock of recent events. The biggest and most worrying exception, I’d suggest, is seen in some ethnic minority areas where, as Desmond Ball and I recently argued, “the balance that prevailed during the ceasefire years has finally broken.” If you want more details on that argument then pages 18-23 of the CSCAP Regional Security Outlook 2012 should do the trick. Roland Watson’s DICTATOR WATCH TEN YEAR REVIEW, October 17, 2011, shows us a way, but recent ‘reconciliation’ at the top between the regime and ASSK/NLD, aided and abetted by the US/EU, does not bode well unless the West completely out of character gives priority to peace and genuine reconciliation over market/business objectives. We are also just two months short of the 50th anniversary of the 1962 coup which set the country down the path to decades of dictatorial rule. In 2012 how can Burma’s ethnic minorities more consistently see the benefits of the ongoing political transition? Cambodia, Laos and their contribution to a new era in Southeast Asian security cooperation, Age of Empires II: Rise of the Rajas – playing the past in Southeast Asia, The gentrification of Chulalongkorn University, Art, culture, grief and loss in a time of crisis - 2020 Malaysia Update, Hypocrisy or imagination? Is 1 child out of every 5 in Myanmar will NEVER see their 5th birthday, proven statistic, grotesque enough. Myanmar’s Independence Day is celebrated on January 4 each year. [4], On 4 January 1948 at 4.20 am, the nation became an independent republic, named the Union of Burma in which the time was chosen for its auspiciousness by an astrologer, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President and U Nu as its first Prime Minister. 1) Killing Bamar soldiers, Chip Chasterton nailed it on the head.That’s the wood plan B and many others won’t see for the trees. Do you mean to say Bamar (lu Myo)/Ethnic Burmese. They rallied greater support from ethnic communities, and expected to win a majority of seats in the country’s November 8 election. Given your ever lack of insight beyond ‘siempre revolucion’ I will willingly wear the Dunce Cap that you have ignorantly assigned to the Australian government as well. The Japanese advanced into Burma and by the end of 1942 had occupied the country. Scheduled Areas (Frontie… Now, British rule was at … I don’t have a straightforward way of explaining why this is the case. We are also just two months short of the 50th anniversary of the 1962 coup which set the country down the path to decades of dictatorial rule. Independence Day is a time of patriotism and great festivities. Are you implying since the fall of Tathone (1057), this dominant entity, Bamar has regards other minority as less than equal? Pegu Division (Rangoon City, Hanthawaddy, Pegu, Tharrawaddy and Prome Districts) 1.4. Mapping ride-hailing app driver strikes in Vietnam, The true story of cruelty to animals in Indonesia, Student activism in Philippine Catholic Universities: A brief history. Your email address will not be published. Anyway Burma got Independence in 1948 January 4th according to agreement of Aung San- Atlee. Arakan Division (Akyab, Northern Arakan or Arakan Hill Tracts, Kyaukpyu and Sandoway Districts) 1.3. A major battleground, Burma was devastated during the Second World War. The Burma Campaign 1941 - 1945. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. To appreciate the Burmese independence movement, you must know about the events in Myanmar prior to World War II. Securing these areas for exploitation is integral to the goals of both US/EU businesses, not to mention Asia’s hunger for Burma, and also serves to ensure longevity for the USDP. By March 1942, within months after they entered the war, Japanese troops had advanced on Rangoon and the British administration had collapsed. Big deal, plan B. No institutionalised military rule. But in July 1947, political rivals backed by the British[3] assassinated Aung San and several cabinet members. I’m of the opinion that the ‘Burman’ reforms and the conflicts are closely linked – it’s about consolidating political and business dominance, as are all the other ‘reform’ measures, regardless of whether they do or don’t benefit the population. 2)”grotesque reality faced by millions of Burmese”. However, the British were pragmatic about the popular support this 32-year-old man enjoyed and Aung San eventually managed to negotiate Burma’s independence from Britain in January 1947. Required fields are marked *. On Jan. 4, 1948, Burma (now officially known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar) marked an end to 60-years of colonial rule as it formally declared independence from Britain. Celebrations of Independence. Still it doesn’t stop plan B banging on about the ‘useless careless west’. Shan National Sao Shwe Taik became the new country’s first President … It is also the one that, historically, and perhaps in perpetuity, looms over prospects for peace in the country. Out-and-out dictatorial governance will never last, but a softer authoritarianism can (as is the case in Cambodia, which is now largely uncriticised by the int. BURMA 1978: THE THIRTIETH YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE William L. Scully and Frank N. Trager AMONG THE COUNTRIES in Asia that regained political freedom from a colonial power in the nationalist aftermath of World War II, Burma is among those few that, on the whole, have fared poorly. Historical Map of South & Southwest Asia (4 January 1948 - Independence of Burma: The British departure from India in 1947 made their remaining colonies in South Asia redundant. Today is the 64th anniversary of Burma’s independence. I very much doubt you intend to include the resulting scourge of the still ongoing useless careless policy, together with the well known military government solving “everything militarily”? relacionados con: Japanese conquest of Burma wikipedia. When 30-40% of a country’s population does not belong to the dominant ethnic group, the country faces the necessity of political accommodation. Burma - which had been making increasing demands for independence since their occupation by Japan in World War II - became an independent republic in early 1948, followed shortly by Ceylon. The Burma Independence Act 1947 (1947, 11 Geo. Aung San also concluded an agreement with the country’s ethnic nationalities for a unified Burma. http://www.dictatorwatch.org/DWtenyear.pdf, http://www.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=22812. Your wait and see “nascent political reform” of present maneuvering of military controlled transition absolutely contradict your “hammer to nail” view of the military. Burma is basically a moderately well-endowed country. She certainly is for a U turn. Was the Lady ever for confrontation? Was established by the end of 1942 had occupied the country to celebrate the season ‘ careless! 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